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Original Message:   Re: "Cornaline d'Aleppo" Beads
The Picard essay is mistaken on several counts—primarily because they mix small drawn overlay beads with larger wound overlay beads.

Venetians only refer to the small drawn beads with a white (or pale opaque) base, overlaid with translucent red, reddish, orange, or yellow glass as "corneline d'Aleppo" or "Aleppo" beads.

It has been a popular observation that larger wound beads are structurally similar, though made differently. But it has been a leap of faith (or just a mistake) to refer to both types by the same name. Reviewing Venetian sample cards, only the drawn beads are so-named.

The popular name "white-heart" for any small drawn overlay beads (be they red, reddish, orange, yellow, green, teal, or brown) that have white bases, seems to have been popularized by Native Americans and Indian hobbyists. Wound overlay beads are likewise not "white-heart" beads.

For the wound beads, these have been popularly called "Hudson's Bay beads" in North America, and "ox eye" beads in African regions colonized by the British. So these are regional user names.

Added to the above, small drawn opaque brick-red over translucent green or greenish bases, have likewise been mistakenly referred to as "older cornaline beads," and similar names. These (in Colonial French West Africa) were called "galet rouge" (meaning "red stone") and more recently "green-heart" beads.

All of this was included in an exposé I composed in the 1990s.

Here is a discussion from 2009: http://beadcollector.net/cgi-bin/anyboard.cgi?fvp=/openforum/&cmd=iYz&aK=63090&iZz=63090&gV=0&kQz=&aO=1&iWz=0

Some are slow to incorporate better information into their discussions.

JDA.

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